- 331,210 sq km
- Provincial capital:
- Ha Noi
- Number of provinces:
- 58 provinces, 5 municipalities
- Major industries:
- food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
- Major exports:
- clothes, shoes, marine products, crude oil, electronics, wooden products, rice, machinery
- Major ethnic groups:
- Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay, Thai, Muong, Khmer, Mong, Nung, others
- Infant mortality:
- 20.9 deaths/1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality:
- 56 deaths/100,000 live births
- GDP per capita:
Vietnam, sometimes spelled Viet Nam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam, listen (help·info)), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea, referred to as East Sea (Vietnamese: Biển Đông), to the east. With a population of over 90 million, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.
The Vietnamese became independent from China in AD 938 after their victory at the battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive dynasties flourished along with geographic and political expansion deeper into Southeast Asia, until it was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Efforts to resist the French eventually led to their expulsion from the country in the mid-20th century, leaving a nation divided politically into two countries. Fighting between the two sides continued during the Vietnam War, ending with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Emerging from this prolonged military engagement, the war-ravaged nation was politically isolated. In 1986, the government instituted economic and political reforms and began a path towards international reintegration. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth has been among the highest in the world since 2000, and according to Citigroup, such high growth is set to continue. Vietnam has the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies, and its successful economic reforms resulted in it joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.
To learn more about our projects in each area, please click on one of the dark green provinces on the interactive country map.Source: CIA World Factbook